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Function and Definition 



The precise meaning of early art such as paintings and sculptures will probably never be known. With certainty however this works were documents and objects of reference, thus requests together with means such as likely singing and dancing for the creation of first spiritual-cultural foundations.





  Most of the issues and aspects characterizing the actual world of art such as the creation of objects of value, personal skills, high level performance, personal expression, shaping of the individual and collective mind, its involvement in entertainment, were likely - even if differently expressed - already central to the creation of art in this early stages, mainly as request and consequences of the attempt to establish the spiritual outlay of the cultural foundation.


Art completes the culture, creates understanding and explores the secrets of the human surrounding (Sheen Tschung-ch’ien, painter, China, 19th century ). Art is expression of human values, believes, hope and faith.





In spite of all the associated heterogeneities of its presentation just mentioned, art can be defined in regard of its essence as expression of deepened feelings.

Such a description applies to great works of art as well as e.g. to a simple song played on a guitar, respects freedom of expression, accounts for differences in perception, does not rule out collective contributions.









  The creation of art is one of the most precious human activities, to dispose of a well conceived definition critical to enforce its standing in public life and education.

The purpose of the here proposed definition of art is to offer a basic description and not e.g. a mean to separate in-between "works of art" and "not works of art."



  As a term Art is not used in a consistent way, in many cultures not even part of the vocabulary. First notes in regard of the western culture relating to art in its entirety date back to Aristotle. The definition of art became an issue in the mid-18th century at the time of the development of the academies for painting and sculpture, linking art to “presentation of reality, artistic ability and esthetic perception,” a view soon challenged in the context of the social and cultural changes occurring during the rise of modernity.  

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